Diabetic Foot Infections

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or the body cannot use the produced insulin effectively. In this disease, blood sugar level rises (hyperglycemia), all tissues, primarily blood vessels and nerves, are damaged chronically and progressively.

Patients develop obstructive vascular disease (angiopathy), nerve destruction (neuropathy), kidney dysfunction (nephropathy), and visual impairment (retinopathy). These negativities occur in a long time and follow a slow course. Nerve damage and obstructive vascular disease arising as a complication of diabetes; they act together to cause wounds in the feet. Neuropathy (nerve damage) is the leading cause of the onset of a diabetic foot wound. In most patients, hitting, hitting, stinging, burning, etc. It was observed that a reason they did not realize such as initiated the wound. Often, due to loss of sensation, the injury is not noticeable early, which leads to progressive tissue damage. Angiopatine (obstructive vascular disease) is less responsible for the formation of foot wounds. Since the patients’ blood flow is decreased, essential substances, oxygen and antibiotics reach the injured area. Therefore, the probability of healing in the wounded area becomes difficult. Bacteria (infection) that settle in the wound quickly progress to deep tissues, leading to large-scale tissue deaths (necrosis). This process is called gangrene. The gangrene that develops in a short time can often put the patient’s foot in danger of losing his life.

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